100 Bc


By place

Roman Republic

  • Consuls: Lucius Valerius Flaccus (princeps senatus 86 BC), Gaius Marius (Marius's sixth consulship).
  • Manius Aquillius celebrates an ovation for victories in the Second Servile War.
  • Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, a tribune, passes a law to redistribute land to military veterans. The law requires that all senators swear to abide by it. Quintus Caecilus Metellus Numidicus refuses and is exiled. He goes to Rhodes to study philosophy.
  • December – Saturninus stands for consul for the following year. A rival candidate, Gaius Memmius, is found murdered by agents of Saturninus, who is declared a public enemy by the Senate. Marius, as consul, defeats his former ally in battle in the Forum. Saturninus and his followers surrender on condition that their lives are spared, but they are stoned to death with roof tiles by renegade senators.
  • The building of the Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia, Palestrina, Italy, is begun. The model of it is now kept at the [[Naples National Archaeological Museum|Museo Archeologico Nazionale]], Italy (approximate date).

Asia Minor


  • The deuterocanonical books of Maccabees1 and 2 Maccabees are written.

Middle East




July 13Julius Caesar, Roman general and politician (or 102 BC) (d. 44 BC)
Titus Labienus, Caesar's chief lieutenant in the conquest of Gaul (d. 45 BC)


Cornelia Africana, widow of Tiberius Gracchus (b. c. 190 BC)
Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, Roman politician
Theodosius of Bithynia, Greek astronomer and mathematician (b. c. 160 BC)

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