This page lists news articles and events for the year 1963.
Events that happen on the specified date are listed under Events: entries. News articles that were published on the specified date are listed under News: entries. Events that only happened in fiction on the specified date are listed under Fiction: entries and are written in italics.
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- The 1962 New York City newspaper strike is in progress when 1963 starts, and lasts till March.
- The Aerojet-Dade Rocket Facility is commissioned.
- The Civil Rights Movement organizes a lot of protests (and makes a lot of progress) in 1963.
- Heavy snow results in 231 deaths in Japan in the first few months of the year. An express train to Tokyo is delayed 106 hours 30 minutes.
- David. H. Frisch and J. H. Smith prove that the radioactive decay of mesons is slowed by their motion (see Albert Einstein's special relativity and general relativity).
- The Semi Automatic Ground Environment is fully deployed.
- TAT-3 cable goes into operation.
- Construction of Moscow's Ostankino Tower begins.
- Harvey Ball invents the ubiquitous smiley face symbol.
- The Reformed Druids of North America is founded.
- In various Marvel comics, this year sees the debut of Iron Man and The X-Men.
- January 14
- Event: George C. Wallace becomes governor of Alabama. In his inaugural speech, he defiantly proclaims "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever!" (See events of June 11, below)
- January 29
- February 8
- February 12
- Event: Northwest Airlines flight 705 crashes in the Florida Everglades killing everyone aboard.
- March 4
- March 21
- April 7
- April 10
- April 12
- April 15
- April 20
- May 2
- Event: Thousands of African Americans, many of them children, are arrested while protesting segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor later unleashes fire hoses and police dogs on the demonstrators.
- Event: Berthold Seliger launches, near Cuxhaven, a 3 stage rocket with a maximum flight altitude of more than 62 miles .
- May 8
- Event: Hue Vesak shootings: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam opens fire on Buddhists who defy a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, the birthday of Gautama Buddha, killing nine. Earlier, President Ngo Dinh Diem allowed the flying of the Vatican flag in honour of his brother, Archibishop Ngo Dinh Thuc.
- June 3
- June 11
- Event: In Saigon, Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Ðức commits self-immolation to protest the oppression of Buddhists by the Ngo Dinh Diem administration.
- Event: Alabama Governor George C. Wallace stands in the door of the University of Alabama to protest against integration, before stepping aside and allowing African Americans James Hood and Vivian Malone to enroll.
- Event: President John F. Kennedy delivered a historic Civil Rights Address, in which he promises a Civil Rights Bill, and asks for "the kind of equality of treatment that we would want for ourselves."
- June 17
- July 7
- July 30
- August 21
- Event: Xa Loi Pagoda raids: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngo Dinh Nhu, brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem, vandalise Buddhist pagodas across the country, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead.
- Event: Cable 243: In the wake of the Xa Loi Pagoda raids, the Kennedy administration orders the US embassy in Saigon to explore alternative leadership in South Vietnam, opening the way towards a coup against Diem.
- August 28
- September 10
- September 15
- Event: American civil rights movement: The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, in Birmingham, Alabama, kills 4 and injures 22.
- September 16
- September 18
- October 1
- October 4
- October 8
- Event: Sam Cooke and his band were arrested after trying to register at a "whites only" motel in [[[Louisiana]].
- October 9
- October 31
- Event: 74 die in a gas explosion at a coliseum in Indianapolis, Indiana.
- November 2
- November 6
- Event: Vietnam War: Coup leader General Duong Van Minh takes over as leader of South Vietnam.
- November 7
- November 9
- Event: Miike Coal Mine explosion: In Japan, a coal mine explosion kills 458 and sends 839 carbon monoxide poisoning victims to the hospital.
- Event: A triple-train disaster in Yokohama, Japan kills 161.
- November 22:
- Event: John F. Kennedy assassination: In Dallas, Texas, United States President John F. Kennedy is shot to death, Texas Governor John B. Connally is seriously wounded, and Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson becomes the 36th President. All television coverage for the next three days is devoted to the assassination, its aftermath, the procession of the horsedrawn casket to the Capitol Rotunda, and the funeral of President Kennedy. Stores and businesses shut down for the entire weekend and Monday, in tribute.
- November 23:
- November 24
- Event: Lee Harvey Oswald, alleged assassin of John F. Kennedy, is shot dead by Jack Ruby in Dallas, Texas on live national television. Later that night, a hastily arranged program, A Tribute to John F. Kennedy from the Arts, featuring actors, opera singers, and noted writers, all performing dramatic readings and/or music, is telecast on ABC-TV.
- Event: Vietnam War: New U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam militarily and economically.
- November 25
- Event: U.S. President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Schools around the nation do not have class on that day, millions watch the funeral on live international television.
- November 29
- Event: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
- Event: Trans-Canada Airlines Flight 831, a Douglas DC-8 carrying 118, crashes into a wooded hillside after taking-off from Dorval International Airport near Montreal, killing all on board (the worst air disaster for many years in Canada's history).
- December 5
- Event: The Seliger Forschungs-und-Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH demonstrates rockets for military use to military representatives of non-NATO-countries near Cuxhaven. Although these rockets land via parachute at the end of their flight and no allied laws are violated, the Soviet Union protests this action.
- December 8
- December 10
- December 12
- Event: Kenya becomes independent
- December 19
- December 21
- Event: Cyprus Emergency: Inter-communal fighting erupts between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots.
- December 22
- December 25
- December 26
- Event: I Want to Hold Your Hand and I Saw Her Standing There are released in the U.S., marking the beginning of full-scale Beatlemania.